by American Artifacts.
American Artifacts, a great place to buy
antique machinery.
I have found them very helpfull with
my sheppard lathe project.

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This large scroll saw, known as a
"full sweep" saw, has the upper
blade guide suspended from the
ceiling. J.A. Fay & Co. was one of
the largest makers of
woodworking machines in the
second half of the 19 century. and
continued into the 20th C. as J.A.
Fay and Egan, after a merger with
the Egan Co., also of Cincinnati.
The saw is in good working
condition. The original paint is
faded much more than the flash
photos suggest. The only damage
is a broken corner of the flange at
the bottom of the base, including
a bolt hole. As heavy as this
machine is, bolting down three of
the four corners works just fine.
The table, column and base can
be easily separated for

rear view The massive table
measures 32" wide by 38" deep.

the suspended upper blade guide
The shaped post mortised into
the top plank and the rear brace
are all original. I added the two
2x4 side braces to reach my high
ceiling. The top plank should be
mounted around 102 inches from
the floor.

right side view.

left side view. Very faint lettering
on the column reads "Reissued
Aug 25, 1863".
J.A. Fay & Co. Scroll Saw
I wish I had been able to buy these machines for my collection, now I
can't even see them in person lol.
Without a tensioner, flat belts need
to be a precise length, and new
leather belts stretch in use,
requiring one and sometimes two
adjustments (shortening and
refitting whatever lacing you are
using). A belt tensioner alleviates
that problem.

The pulley is 2 1/2" wide and will
take belts up to that width. The
tensioner is typically mounted to
run against the back of the belt,
thus enhancing belt contact with
the driving and driven pulleys,
however, in some cases, it can be
mounted to run inside the belt. This
is not advised where the distance
between these pulleys is small.

The bearings are in fine condition
and fitted with grease cups. The
spring mechanism also functions
well. Mounting slots allow for
adjusting alignment to the belt

This was removed from an antique
single stage compressor made by
Potts Mfg, in Mechanicsburg, PA. It
was mounted in a horizontal
position under the belt, but can be
mounted in any position, due to the
strong spring.

opposite side view
Contact: Richard Van Vleck -
© 2010, American Artifacts,
Taneytown, Maryland.
Wood Frame Peg Tooth Harrow

This early form of fixed spike harrow is pulled from a corner.
Foot and Belt Powered Band
Although lacking its foot pedal, this
is the first treadle band saw we
have found in 20 years of searching.
The evidence that it was foot
powered consists of the one way
clutch pulley, which would have
been driven by a treadle and the
heavy flywheel on the lower shaft,
used only on foot powered saws. A
number of companies advertised
foot powered band saws in the
second half of the 19th century,
some of which were also provided
with pulleys for flat belt power as
well. This example has the treadle
clutch on the front of the shaft and a
tight and loose pulley set on the
back. The clutch has two pulley
faces to which a length of flat belt
would be riveted. One belt would
connect to the treadle and the other,
wound in reverse on its pulley,
would go to a return spring. As the
treadle was operated, the two belts
would oscillate back and forth and
the shaft would rotate in one
direction. This design is detailed in
Lester Dana's patent of June 25,
1878. Cast in the iron clutch flange
is "Waupaca Novelty Works,
Waupaca Wis., Dana's Patent, June
25, 1878, Feb 28, 1882". Actually,
the clutch mechanism more closely
resembles Dana's last patent, of
July 1, 1890. Lester Dana
established the Waupaca Novelty
Works, in Waupaca Wisconsin. At
some point, it apparently relocated
to Alexandria Ind, the location cast in
the flywheel of this machine. Dana
died in 1901, in Waupaca, so, likely,
this machine dates to the early 20th
century. I can find no record of this
company in Alexandria, so it may not
have lasted too long. The fact that
the clutch is marked "Waupaca Wis"
suggests that the machine was
made shortly after the move, unless
both locations were active
simultaneously. Dana's three
patents for treadle clutches are
No.'s 205362, 254283, and the last,
not marked on this clutch, 431446.

The machine is 65 inches high.
Table height is 40", the band pulleys
are 15 3/4" in diameter, and the
blade to arm distance is 16". All
adjustments are free and all parts
have been removed and replaced.
The lower shaft bearings are fine,
but there is some play in the upper
bearing. With blade tension and at
treadle speeds, this may not be a
problem. The upper wheel has a
break and old repair, which, I would
think, would interfere with a wide
blade or with fitting a tire (see
photos below). Removing the bolts
and welding the rim would be in
order. There is no indication of how
the original treadle would have
attached to the machine - no bolt
holes or projections on the leg
casting. It may have been mounted
on the floor, rather than the
machine. Fitting a pedal and return
spring to the Dana friction clutch
would be a simple matter, but it
would be nice to first know what the
original looked like. Dana's 1878
patent has an illustration of a
treadle and return spring to show
how it would attach to his clutch, but
doesn't likely resemble the treadle
he used on this machine.

the upper blade guides

the brass oiler on the upper shaft

the upper wheel rear view

the upper wheel adjustment pivots
on two axes

the table

the upper wheel break with early
repair. This needs to be replaced
with a weld before a tire is installed.

the outside of the rim break.

the tight and loose pulleys for belt

side view of the tight and loose

The treadle clutch and the flywheel,
both marked "Waupaca Novelty
Works". The clutch is also marked
"Dana's Patent, June
Panel Sanding Machine
This craftsman made machine
was used in a furniture factory in
Thurmont, MD. It seems to have
begun life as a wood framed table
saw (the saw arbor is still in place)
and was later converted to a panel
sander. The sliding table is lifted to
the sandpaper by a novel
mechanism which is in good
working order. Two handwheels
provide both alignment and tension
of the sanding belt. The only
damage I see is a broken spoke in
the wooden split pulley on the left
side of the sanding belt. The
sander uses a 4" x approximately
170 1/2" sanding belt. The sanding
belt pulleys are 4 3/4" wide x 12"
diameter. The drive belt pulley is 3
1/2" wide by 6" diameter. The
sliding table is 46" wide by 32"
deep. Maximum width of the
machine is 77 1/2".

the sliding table rolls smoothly on
window sash pulleys.