Antique machines that sold on the
web 2007

Note:Source of article and pictures below:

  Hendey Engine Lathe
This machine tool was disassembled for shipment but was never reassembled. All of the parts for reassembly are included
in this auction. It had been under power and was in working condition when we purchased it. If you are looking for a good
solid lathe at a discount price and don't mind some elbow grease to reassemble it here is the deal for you.

Hendey machine tools were solidly constructed, made from top-quality materials cast within the factory, rigorously inspected
and built entirely "in-house". It is worth noting that Holbrook lathes, made in England were very similar, but the connections
between the two companies is not clear.
Henry John Hendey, the company's founder, was born in London, England in 1844 and taken to America by his parents at the
age of four. The family settled first in Waterbury, Connecticut, New England, before moving seventeen miles north to
Wolcottville (now Torrington) a then growing centre of industry. The family arrived at an opportune moment for the completion
of the Naugatuck Valley railroad, in 1849, had connected a once isolated production centre - notably Wolcott's large woollen
mill and Israel Coe's thriving brass industry - to the established industrial centres of New England. With this wider and more
easily-reached market the area became famous for the variety of its metal-based products and engineering skills. Attracted by
the possibilities for advancement the area became a magnet for skilled immigrants from England and Germany and it was
here, in a town that offered many chances to the hard-working craftsman, that Henry was educated in the public school
system, becoming a journeyman toolmaker.
His younger brother, Arthur, a patternmaker in Newhaven, joined Henry in his first commercial venture, the renting of space
within the machine shop of  Turner, Seymour, Judd & Company - where they stayed until the spring of 1871. The original
business must have been in some difficulty, for Henry soon had to return to his regular tool making job, working twelve hours
a day at the premium rate of $5 an hour, whilst fitting in his business activities when time permitted - in the true spirit of
American entrepreneurs. He also managed to make, during the evenings, a complete 3 HP steam engine that was to
subsequently provide the motive power for his new works, a large one-story shed constructed on land belonging to his father
and adjoining the family home. So, not for the first time, and certainly not the last, a great American industrial enterprise was
started in a family backyard; the original workshop building was later converted into a dwelling house that stood on New
Litchfield Street, Torrington.
The first substantial order received by the new works was for twenty wood-turning lathes but, even though this must have
been a clear indication that somebody had faith in the capabilities and competence of the two craftsmen, Henry continued
working part time for others whilst one man was employed to assist Arthur.
By 1872 the brothers had outgrown their original premises (and presumably the need for Henry's part-time work) and moved
into a larger factory, the "East Branch Spoon Shop". This, however, soon proved to be completely inadequate and, because
orders were multiplying rapidly, they decided in 1873, to build a "new and commodious" plant on the site of the existing works.
This was a two-story building, 40 feet by 60 feet, with a boiler room and engine house at one end. By now the payroll had
risen to include fifteen (and sometimes twenty) men and in the following year, after the financial panic of 1873 and the
subsequent depression, a joint stock company was formed and the Hendey Machine Company came into existence.
In 1875 illness  forced Arthur to retire to the west coast and Henry assumed sole command of the expanding enterprise - for
that indeed was what it had now become; between 1870 and 1880 the company (with the one exception of 1875) increased
its labour force by an average of 20% annually.
In 1875 the new factory began production of a "friction-drive" shaper that used a patented mechanism invented by Eli Manville.
A range of planers was also introduced and both types of machine (they were available in both hand and power-driven
versions) won awards for the superiority of their design in the popular trade exhibitions of the time; Hendey were rewarded in
1878 when one of the models a, friction shaper, was adopted by the US Naval Board as the standard machine to be used
throughout the service.
Whilst sales were increasing so was the size of the factory and between 1873 and 1880 the plant more than tripled in
acreage and a separate power house and foundry were built - the latter, constructed in 1884, enabling Hendey to keep a
close eye not only on the design and manufacture of his products, but the increasingly-important underlying metallurgy as
In the mid 1890s, as the firm settled into prosperous times and demand expanded, a large three-story brick building was
added - but so good were trading conditions that this had to be duplicated in 1898 followed a year later by a doubling of the
foundry size that also incorporated a new power house and electrical equipment.
From 1880 to 1900 the number of special machines constructed as one-offs began to diminish and the product range was
concentrated on standard lines of shapers and planers, all built on the then-economical batch system where a run of
identical machines was processed through the works as a single job. During this time gear-driven shapers, drills and knee
drills were also added but the number of lathes produced remained comparatively small. In 1887, sensing that new,
higher-speed production lathes were being called for, Hendey began the introduction of a range of Semi-Automatic, Heavy
Spinning, Turret Head Chucking, Automatic Turret and Screw cutting types followed, in 1890, by a much improved
general-purpose "centre" or, as it would have been known in its native land, "Engine" lathe. This new machine, in its various
forms and gradually developed, improved and exported world-wide, became the mainstay of the company's product line and
the lathe for which it became most widely known.
In 1882 a quick-change screwcutting gearbox, designed and patented by Wendell P. Norton, was added to the engine lathe;
this single feature did more to promote the machine's fame, as the "Hendey-Norton", than any other. The Norton box was not
the first of its type, a similar arrangement of gears, of different sizes, placed in a "cone" on a common shaft, having been
patented in 1868 by Humphreys. If Hendey were not the first to fit such a gearbox then their adoption of the design was,
arguably, the first successful commercial exploitation of the idea.
Milling machines were added to the company's product list during the early 1890s, almost certainly as a result of enquiries by
the makers of agricultural equipment, whose needs for specialised production machinery could not be met by any existing
machine-tool maker. Hendey milling machines were immediately successful for the designers were able to engineer a
version of the lathe gearbox for use in the table-feed mechanism, a fitting that provided the operator with a vast range of feeds,
all easily and quickly selected.
By 1900 the Company's catalogues listed lathes and other products separately, and it seemed as though the product range
was set to grow. However, despite the introduction during 1900 of a new range of knee and Lincoln-type milling machines,
between then and the outbreak of the First World War in 1914 (and doubtless concerned by the stiff competition from
specialist milling-machine makers), the lathes and shapers gradually took prominence and greater efforts were devoted to
their development. Amongst changes made to the lathes was the introduction of the tie-bar headstock (an attempt to stiffen
the assembly by connecting the top each bearing to the other by a cast-in overhead link), a combination screw cutting gearbox
with thirty-six feeds (without the need to remove or replace any change wheels), a fully-geared headstock and integral
motor-drive units - as well as much development work to refine the accuracy of the lead screw, which some would claim to be
the soul, if not the heart, of a top-class engine lathe. By 1915 (rather late in the day compared with their competitors) a
crank-operated shaper had been developed to replace the friction type; this was an important step forward, the new model
being able to work much harder and at higher speeds than the earlier type.
In parallel with Torrington's population explosion - in the period from 1880 to 1920 it rose from 3,000 to 22,000 - the Hendey
factory also expanded. In 1906 a two-story building was added to the site, to be used by the Planer Division to handle their
larger castings, and in 1910 a large four-story machine shop was erected; by 1921, following the enormous expansion
demanded by the First World War, the factory had reached the pinnacle of its size and success - it occupied the largest site,
and employed the most men in its history. A picture of the factory at that time can be seen here.
The company survived the depression of the 1930s, enjoyed a boom during the Second World War and continued as a
separate enterprise until 1954, when it was liquidated and sold to the Barber-Coleman Corporation.




Surface planer made by the WALKER BROTHERS MANUFACTURING
CO. of Minneapolis, Minnesota
not sure of the exact date of manufacture-the only reference of the Walker Bros Mfg Co  on the "Old Woodworking Machines"
site which places the company prior to 1872. If anyone knows anything about this company or planer, please email me and I
will share this information.

The SOLID BRASS cutting head is 16 1/2" long and cuts a 4 1/2" cutting circle using 3 slotted knives (included). The feed
rollers are 16" long and 4 1/4" in diameter. The planer turns freely by hand but needs a good oiling.  The three flat belts are
made of solid leather.  I did not put power to the planer so I can't comment on it's performance-it doesn't really look OSHA
approved. There does not appear to be any broken or missing parts except that a feed pulley was replaced with a non original
pulley. By the looks of the wear parts, it seems it was barely used. The feed rollers look almost untouched. The feed gears
look the same, including the pinion.

Old Wood-Working Machines reference:

Question & Answer Answered On

Q:  Bob Which pulley has been replaced? Bruce Jun-24-07
A:   Bruce, It is the driven feed pulley that can be seen in the top right and lower right photos. It is a v-belt pulley (I don't know
why). I have a better replacement lying on the ground but a little small so I was looking for a better one. When I find one, I'll
send it to the buyer for free. Thanks, Bob  
Q:  Is that original paint that I see on the frame? (If so, I would preserve it.) Regards, Tom Jun-24-07
A:   Tom, I took a very close look and it does look like the original paint. Probably, originally red. The framing is trimmed with
black pin striping. A wise decision to keep it original. A good cleaning will bring out more color. Thanks, Bob
A:   I would guess it weighs somewhere around 300 pounds. Pick up here only- I would rather not deliver. I'll store it until
Christmas for free. Thanks, Bob

was sold by a collector to another (not me) for          $2247  WOW  

1890's engraving machine. This machine was made by the Eaton Glover co.

It was produced to make engraving simple to anyone without spending years learning the difficult art of hand engraving. This
machine can produce the beautiful bright cuts associated with the art of hand engraving without the extensive training.
Included with this machine is a cd of the original operators manual and instructions for use saving you the trouble of trying to
figure it out. The principal is simple and the results stunning. This machine can reduce a drawing or lettering or enlarge them
as well. This machine can also squeeze the letters to fit in a special area without changing the height of the letters. It is truly a
marvel of engineering considering its age especially when you consider that no other machine could accomplish these effect
until the computer engraver. Computer engravers are good for some things but not so good at engraving things that are not
flat and no computer can make the beautiful bright cuts that this machine can. Lastly if you ever wanted to make engraving
plates for printing from using the intaglio process this machine can do that also producing crosshatched engraving or plates
for printing of photos just like the engraving you see in old books, this is an art all its own and this machine can make the
process simple putting this machine in a leauge all its own. I am a master hand engraver and this machine is truly amazing
as it can produce an incredible array of effects for an artist that wants to do printmaking or an engraver that wants to produce
hand engraving effect on jewelry flatware and a host of other things quickly and beautifully  
I have a Panagraph Just like it.

*********************************************************************************************************************Lathe / mill "
Edwin Harrington & Son Philadelphia "
17" swing over table
26" swing over bed
108" length between centers
Overall length 163", width 66", height 49", weight unknown but heavy
Four independent jaw chuck is 16" in diameter.  This chuck also has four separate T bolt slots that allows the jaws to be
removed for use as a face plate.  The chuck / face plate has engraved circles to assist in the alignment of the work piece.  
There is a tapered hole in the center of the chuck for a dead center, boring bar or other tooling.  Presently, a dead center is in
Tail stock is massive and runs on its own set of ways.  Shaft has tapered hole with dead center in place.  Additional features
are a cam action collet blocking mechanism for tail stock shaft.  Also, the tail stock has graduated side to side adjustment up
to two inches to allow tapers to be cut.  
Lead screw is located on rear of lathe bed and is 1 5/8" in diameter.
Massive back gear is located behind stepped drive pulley.
Rack for manual table movement and keyed shaft for powered front to back table movement is located on front of bed.
This lathe was for use with the old overhead line shaft with flat belt drive.  The headstock has a four step pulley arrangement
(4 3/4, 7 1/2, 10 1/4, 13 diameters).  I don't think this lathe has ever been converted in any way so no motor is included and I
don't have the matching pulley.
The lathe is a loose change gear head and only the gears shown in the photo are included.  I do not know if this is a full set.  
A brass plate on lathe head (see photo) appears to show gear locations.
Milling table working surface is 11" wide and 42" long (overall 16" x 54") with three T slots the full length of working surface.
The lathe compound is a separate unit which bolts to the milling table T slots.  This allows exceptional flexibility.  Included is a
rotary base, tool post, and tool holder (see photo).
Steady rests is very heavy with 6" diameter inside clearance.  
Other tooling included are boring bars, dead centers, tool holders, and other items in photo.  All these were with lathe they
may or may not fit this lathe.
This lathe was from a very old shop and because it has the milling table with a great deal of versatility,  it was used for turning,
boring,and milling parts for large model steam trains and engine components.
I have owned this lathe for many years but it was always in storage and I never used it.  It was very dirty with some rusting.  I
have cleaned it some but it will require a complete going over. The ways dont appear to have much damage below the chuck
which is where you usually find abuse and they are not showing wear otherwise the screws are tight which is also a good
indication of very little wear however this machine has been in storage for I guess about 30 years and will need a good going
over with steel wool and diesel and a lot of elbow grease
I have retired and am down sizing the number of large machines in my shop that I don't expect to use.  This Lathe is from the
flat belt drive era but could be retro fitted and used today as low investment large machine tool or could make an interesting
addition to a machine tool display.

Lathe must be picked up in southern Illinois
calculated weight, the result is a guesstimate of between 4500 and 5000 pounds

price 227.00