Shaker Chair Clamp Bench
Seneca Falls Empire Foot
Powered Scroll Saw.
The Seneca Falls "Empire" foot powered saw. Unlike the Victor, with its heavy spring loaded
upper blade holder, The Empire starts easily by foot power. Both have the same impressive
cutting capacity. However, at 160 pounds, this is not a machine for the crafter to pick up with
one hand and carry from the back seat of a car to his booth in a craft fair. This is no "New
The 24" diameter flywheel has a second belt groove for driving an optional drill (not included)
and the 10" balance wheel has a belt groove for driving an optional lathe. I've never seen an
example of this lathe attachment. The 15" diameter iron table tilts on a ball mount, primarily
for doing inlay work. The table is 40" high.
Foot and Belt Powered Band Saw
Although lacking its foot pedal, this is the first treadle band saw we have found in 20 years of searching. The evidence that it
was foot powered consists of the one way clutch pulley, which would have been driven by a treadle and the heavy flywheel on
the lower shaft, used only on foot powered saws. A number of companies advertised foot powered band saws in the second
half of the 19th century, some of which were also provided with pulleys for flat belt power as well. This example has the treadle
clutch on the front of the shaft and a tight and loose pulley set on the back. The clutch has two pulley faces to which a length of
flat belt would be riveted. One belt would connect to the treadle and the other, wound in reverse on its pulley, would go to a
return spring. As the treadle was operated, the two belts would oscillate back and forth and the shaft would rotate in one
direction. This design is detailed in Lester Dana's patent of June 25, 1878. Cast in the iron clutch flange is "Waupaca Novelty
Works, Waupaca Wis., Dana's Patent, June 25, 1878, Feb 28, 1882". Actually, the clutch mechanism more closely resembles
Dana's last patent, of July 1, 1890. Lester Dana established the Waupaca Novelty Works, in Waupaca Wisconsin. At some
point, it apparently relocated to Alexandria Ind, the location cast in the flywheel of this machine. Dana died in 1901, in
Waupaca, so, likely, this machine dates to the early 20th century. I can find no record of this company in Alexandria, so it may
not have lasted too long. The fact that the clutch is marked "Waupaca Wis" suggests that the machine was made shortly after
the move, unless both locations were active simultaneously. Dana's three patents for treadle clutches are No.'s 205362,
254283, and the last, not marked on this clutch, 431446.
The machine is 65 inches high. Table height is 40", the band pulleys are 15 3/4" in diameter, and the blade to arm distance is
16". All adjustments are free and all parts have been removed and replaced. The lower shaft bearings are fine, but there is
some play in the upper bearing. With blade tension and at treadle speeds, this may not be a problem. The upper wheel has a
break and old repair, which, I would think, would interfere with a wide blade or with fitting a tire (see photos below). Removing
the bolts and welding the rim would be in order. There is no indication of how the original treadle would have attached to the
machine - no bolt holes or projections on the leg casting. It may have been mounted on the floor, rather than the machine.
Fitting a pedal and return spring to the Dana friction clutch would be a simple matter, but it would be nice to first know what the
original looked like. Dana's 1878 patent has an illustration of a treadle and return spring to show how it would attach to his
clutch, but doesn't likely resemble the treadle he used on this machine.
Seneca Falls Victor Foot Powered
This heavy duty scroll saw is 60" high, with a table height of 39", to allow the operator to stand and pedal with one foot or sit on
a stool and use both feet. The saw frame has a 24" throat. A heavy 24" diameter cast iron base supports an attractive cut out
column. The intricate saw frame is cast in one piece, as is the pedestal with flywheel supports. The saw is marked "VICTOR",
"SENECA FALLS MFG CO", "SENECA FALLS, NY", and "PAT June 12, 1877 and Jan 6, 1885". The 1877 patent was granted to
George Lewis, founder of Seneca Falls Mfg Co. In 1877, he was selling his "BOSS" scroll saws under the name "Lewis Bros"
in Seneca Falls. The 1877 patent covered the unique hollow ball table mount and the saw clamp. The 1885 patent of Ansel
Ball covered the blade tension adjustment and the dust blower.
Treadle scroll saw, I
have one of there in my
collection,that why it's
This is the No. 1 New Rogers saw, from Millers Falls Co. The No. 1 has an iron balance
wheel rather than an emery wheel and a black japanned table, rather than nickel plated. The
machine is all original, including the hinged blade clamps and jointed stretcher rod, both of
which are often replaced with home made parts on this model. The saw is in good working
order. The dust blower is not present. Modern 5" pinless blades work in this saw