Machine development, from Guns to
Sewing machines to Bicycle and finally
cars for everyone.
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Drawing of the first patented lockstitch sewing machine, invented by Elias Howe in 1845 and patented in
1846. The machine was not successful commercially. Isaac Singer improved it and manufactured the first
commercially successful machine in 1850. Howe sued Singer for patent infringement and won in 1854, and
subsequently earned about 2 million dollars in royalties for his invention. Alterations: removed the caption,
which read: "The first Howe sewing machine"
Source Retrieved 2007-12-21 from Frank Puterbaugh Bachman (1918) Great Inventors and their
Inventions, American Book Co., New York, USA, p.131 on Google Books
The High Wheel Bicycle
In 1870 the first all metal machine appeared.
(Previous to this metallurgy was not
advanced enough to provide metal which
was strong enough to make small, light parts
out of.) The pedals were still atttached
directly to the front wheel with no
freewheeling mechanism. Solid rubber tires
and the long spokes of the large front wheel
provided a much smoother ride than its
predecessor. The front wheels became
larger and larger as makers realized that the
larger the wheel, the farther you could travel
with one rotation of the pedals. You would
purchase a wheel as large as your leg length
would allow. This machine was the first one
to be called a bicycle ("two wheel"). These
bicycles enjoyed a great popularity among
young men of means (they cost an average
worker six month's pay), with the hey-day
being the decade of the 1880s.