Documentary-Barns-treadle-lathe-jig-saw-
table-saw-grinder-shaper-machinery-info-
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 Greybird
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http://www.americanartifacts.com/smma/siteindx.htm
Thanks to Richard Van Vleck smma@americanartifacts.com for all info on this page.
                         And check out to see whats for sale by.....
I get so many  questions about
barnes lathes I decided to offer a
bit of info to soften the why how
when questions and i have a
1880s 4-1/2 missing the seat
myself.
Barnes No.5 Velocipede
Lathe-sold
( I have one of these in my collection missing the seat.)
The Barnes No. 5 has an 11" swing and 51" bed with 32" between centers. The lathe is fully
functional and the only damage is a broken handle on the change gear bracket and a broken
and repaired center rest. A new drive chain is provided and the pedal mechanism works
smoothly. The spindle thread is 1" 8tpi. If you enjoy pedaling a bicycle, and especially pedaling it
backwards, the Barnes velocipede lathes are a joy to use.

10/7/2008 update: A wood turning hand rest can replace the cross slide for wood turning. Either
are held in place by a single bolt, allowing a quick change between them. This is not the Barnes
hand rest, but it works well for both faceplate and spindle turning.
This lathe is designed for turning both wood and iron, and for boring,
drilling, polishing, etc. It is not an amateur tool, but is strictly
mechanical in every respect. It is of a desirable size for small work, and
has many important advantages in the construction and arrangement of
its parts. It will take in work 7 inches in diameter and 20 inches long.
Having our patent velocipede foot power and improved seat, the operator
sits comfortably in the best possible position for the management of his
work, and he can work steadily without fatigue. The speed can be varied
from 1000 to 2000 revolutions per minute, and the motion can be started,
stopped or reversed instantly, at the will of the operator. Greater power
can be applied on the work than with any old style foot power, and with
greater ease. The seat can be moved readily along to any part of the bed
that the work requires, although, as the bed is short, it is seldom
necessary to change. The lathe is made entirely of iron and steel. The bed
is solid and has V shaped projections, over which the head and tail stocks
and hand and slide rests are fitted. The leading screw for the tool carriage
is operated by hand; by it the tool carriage can be traveled 20 inches, the
entire distance between the center. The carriage can be engaged or
disengaged instantly from the leading screw. The upper or cross slide
ways on which the tool post moves can be set at any desired angle, and the
tapers can be turned and taper holes bored to the extent of its travel on
these ways. The arrangement of the tool post and carriage is such that
balls can be turned. The tail stock can be moved and set at any point
desired, by the simple turning of a hand wheel; or it can be taken off
entirely, thus leaving the bed free for face plate or chuck work. The head
stock spindle has taper bearings, and can be adjusted with as much
delicacy as a jeweler's lathe; that of the tail stock is moved by a screw and
hand wheel. The head and tail stock spindles are made of steel and have
truly fitted taper centers, and that of the tail stock is self-discharging.
The price of the lathe is $40. This includes one turned face plate, two
pointed and one spur center, two rests with sockets and plate for hand
tools, slide rest or tool carriage as described, and wrench and necessary
belting. It weighs 180 pounds. Boxed, ready for shipping, it weighs 230
pounds.

From the 1885 catalog of W.F. & John Barnes Co., Rockford, Il.
Barnes treadle No. 4
Velocipede Lathe
Barnes treadle No. 3
Velocipede Lathe
This lathe is designed for wood turning. It will take in stuff 12 inches in diameter
and 3 feet long. Having our patent velocipede foot power and improved seat, the
operator sits comfortably in the best possible position for the management of his
work, and can work steadily without fatique. The speed can be varied from 1,000 to
2,000 revolutions per minute, and the motion can be started, stopped or reversed
instantly, at the will of the operator. Greater power can be applied on the work than
with any old style foot power, and with greater ease. The seat can be readily moved
along to any part of the bed that the work requires. The lathe is made entirely of iron
and steel, except the bed, which is wood. The spindle is of steel, fitted up in the best
manner. All the bearings are of steel, making them strong, durable and light
running. The centers are accurately fitted to taper holes. No wrench is required to
adjust the tail stock or tool rests and sockets, hand wheels being used instead.
The price of the lathe is $35. This includes three centers (one a spur), two tool rests
and sockets, and one turned face plate. It weighs 230 pounds. Boxed, ready for
shipment, it weighs 320 pounds.

From the 1885 catalog of W.F. & John Barnes Co., Rockford, Il.
Barnes No.6  Lathe
Yes a big treadle
12 X 44 inches swing.
This is designed for those wanting a lathe for general work with a greater capacity
than our No. 5 lathe, and yet within the range of foot power. It swings 12 inches on
the face plate, 6 inches over the tool carriage, and 44 inches between centers. It has
all the necessary appliances for rapid and accurate execution of both light and
heavy work. Having our patent velocipede foot power and improved seat, the
operator sits comfortably in the best possible positin for the management of his
work, and can work steadily without fatigue. Motion can be started, stopped or
reversed instantly, at the will of the operator, and from one fourth to one third
more power can be applied on the work than with any old style foot power, and
with greater ease. The seat can be moved readily along to any part of the bed that
the work requires. With its back gearing and cone pulleys the lathe has a great
range of speeds.
It is thoroughly and substantially built of iron, steel and brass, each used where it
will best serve. The head stock has a hollow steel spindle that will take in a 7/16 rod
through its entire length. The boxes are of gun metal and accurately fitted to the
spindle, with provision to keep them true and take up wear. The tail stock can be
readily set at any desired point or taken altogether from the lathe bed without
removing nuts or bolts.

It can also be set over for turning tapers. The spindles of both head and tail stocks
are of steel, with positively true taper holes for the reception of the centers, and the
tail stock center is self-discharging. The tool carriage is a model of convenience and
accuracy, and is gibbed to the bed. The tool can be set to the work at any position or
angle desired, also to bore a taper hole or turn a ball, features not ordinarily in the
movements of tool carriages. All the works are securely protected from chips and
dirt, thus insuring long wear and durability to the most costly and vital parts of the
lathe.

This lathe has both independent rod and screw feed and reverse feed. The gear
furnished can be combined to make some 500 different leads of thread. As a screw
cutting lathe it is simply perfect. All the gearing (except that in the foot power) is cut
from solid metal in the best machinery known for gear cutting and is as true and
noiseless as it is possible for metal gear to be. The price of the lathe, complete, as
described, is $150. It weighs 510 pounds. Boxed, ready for shipment, it weighs 650
pounds. An extra length bed can be furnished that will take 5 feet between centers
at an extra cost of $20.

From the 1885 catalog of W.F. & John Barnes Co., Rockford, Il.