T. R. Almond Mfg. Co. Brooklyn, N. Y.
ALMOND CHUCK QUALITY ALONE RESPONSIBLE FOR CONTINUED DEMAND.
Almond drill chucks
MR. CLARKE'S  ARGUMENT.
Says the Only Way a Manufacturer can Create Continued
Demand is to Aim to Produce the Highest Quality of Product.

ALMOND CHUCK QUALITY ALONE RESPONSIBLE FOR CONTINUED DEMAND.

Mr. C. A. Clarke, of Hill, Clarke & Co., Boston, at a recent meeting of the Nat'l S. & M. D. Ass'n at Detroit, struck the Almond
keynote when he emphatically declared: "I believe there is only one correct way in which the manufacturer can create
demand, continued demand, for his product. This way, the best way, is foreach manufacturer to aim to produce the highest
quality of product, the best in design, best in material, and best in workmanship. -` * * * No price would trouble me when I
knew that behind the price was a machine that represented the value."
We could not define Almond methods more to the point than Mr. Clarke has done. Behind the Almond Drill Chuck is the
value.
The Almond Drill Chuck alone has built up the Almond Drill Chuck business —a continued demand. It has been stamped
with the O-K of public approval, an O-K that cannot be put on an article by the mere say-so of the manufacturer, an O-K
that cannot be eliminated by price-lowering methods of competition.
The Almond Chuck is an "Almond" product—an Almond invention, manufactured by Almond methods. It was put on the
market in i 876 and from the first the policy of manufacture has been to adhere to a high ideal, to insist on a uniformity of
material and workmanship in maintaining that high standard of perfection set by T. R. Almond, whose genius and
mechanical ability are widely recognized and respected in scientific circles.
If you want an Almond Chuck get an Almond. There are two styles, identically the same except that one has gear teeth cut
on the ferrule to permit of using a pinion instead of a spanner wrench.
Have you given due consideration to :
Utilizing the end of the shop for machine tool installation—Setting up machines where convenience will reduce cost of
production
Preventing loss of power in transmission equipment—Doing away with troublesome mule stands and noisy bevel gearing
Economy in belts
A dependable, economical right-angle drive ?
Get particulars of the Almond Right-Angle Transmission, another "Almond" patent.
T. R. Almond Mfg. Co.
Brooklyn, N. V.
JACOBS MFG. oO. V. T. B. ALMOND MFG. 00. 137
cupied in working the spanner the drill would be much more
apt to
fall than if the left hand were free and the right hand alone
needed
to turn the key, which by its insertion in the body of the
chuck itself
would not only cause notendency to turn the chuck, but
would, of
itself, hold the chuck against the turning of the sleeve. The
experts,
as has been said, for both parties to this suit agree in
pointing out
these matters of improvement and advantage in the method
set forth
in the jacobs patent.
Further testimony has been introduced to show that the sale
of the
jacobs appliances, which are manufactured under an
assignment by
A Jacobs to the complainant corporation, has been large, has
increased
steadily, and the jacobs chuck has supplanted, to a large
extent, the
Almond chuck of the spanner design. Recently the Almond
chuck
has been placed upon the market, with a geared or toothed
key, inv
stead of a spanner, and the present form of the Almond
chuck is sub-
stantially like that put upon the market by the complainant
corpora-
tion, with the exception that in the Almond chuck the jaw
recesses
are carried farther back and are left open, while in the jacobs
chuck
the sleeve covers the upper end of the jaw recesses and the
jaws work
entirely within the body of the chuck.
It is claimed by the defendant that the open method of
construc-
tion is advantageous because of the ease with which foreign
particles
may be removed, while the complainants contend that their
method of
construction is more desirable commercially, for the reason
that dirt
will be kept out and wear saved, if the upper or back end of
these re-
cesses be entirely covered by the sleeve.
This is a question of competition and desirability of
construction,
rather than anything bearing upon the validity of the patents,
as the
location of these jaw recesses has nothing to do with the
construction or
operation of the chuck itself, nor of the use of a key for
turning the
sleeve. Vi/`e must, therefore, determine three questions: (1)
Is the
present method of construction used by the defendant an
infringe-
ment of the complainant’s patent, that patent being valid? (2)
Has the
complainant specified and included in its claims a patentable
combina-
tion, or has it merely attempted to control an old device,
covered by
previous patents, when used in other combinations; i. e., did
the use
of a key call for merely mechanical application, and not for
the use
of invention, if applied to the wel1—known Almond chuck?
(3) If
the application were patentable, and called for the exercise
of inven-
tion, has the complainant’s assignor obtained a patent limited
to the
undesirable device calling for the use of a key back of the
sleeve as
described in the third claim of the letters patent?
As to the first point, much discussion is unnecessary. The
patent
upon the Almond chuck had expired at the time jacobs filed
his ap-
plication ; there being at that time upon the market both the
Almond
" chuck and the Cushman chuck, operating upon the same
principle
and with the same arrangement of parts. It will be assumed
that
Jacobs, in patenting a key for operating a chuck of exactly
the same
method of construction and arrangement, had in mind a
chuck of the
Almond type or form; and, in fact, ]acobs’ letters patent state
that `
his invention has for its object not the manufacture of the
chuck,
JACOBS MFG. CO. VV. T. B. ALMOND 1[FG.
CO. 935
stacle. These are analogous arts, and we
cannot find invention in the
mere adaption of the cut card of the Gale
indicator to the receptacle
of the time recorder.
The decree is aflirmed, with costs.
JACOBS MFG. CO. v. T. R. ALMOND MFG. CO.
(Circuit Court of Appeals, Second Circuit.
March 7, 1910.)
No. 170.
1. PATENTS (§ 39*)—INVENTION-
APPLICATION T0 Use IN DIFFERENT Am.
To add teeth and a key with cogs to effect
motion of the operating
sleeve of a d1·ill·chuck, instead of using the
fingers or a spanner, as previ»
ously done, does not involve patentable
invention when such method of
imparting motion was well known and used in
many arts, although the
device was one of utility.
[Ed. Note.—For other cases,  ee Patents, Cent.
Dig § 46; Dec. Dig.
§ 39.*] A
2. PATENTS (§ 328*)--INVENTION—DRILL·
‘CHUCK. ` I
The Jacobs patent, No. 709,014, for a drill-
chuck, held void for lack of ~
invention.
Appeal from the Circuit Court of the United
States for the Eastern
District of New York.
Suit in equity by the ]acobs Manufacturing
Company against the
` T. R. Almond Manufacturing Company.
Decree for defendant, and
complainant appeals. Affirmed.
A This cause comes here upon appeal from a
decree of the Circuit
Court, Eastern District of New York, dismissing
the bill in an equity
suit brought to enjoin the alleged infringement
of United States
patent No. 709,014, issued September 16,
1902, to Arthur I. Jacobs for
a drill—chuck. A "chuck" is a device for
holding a tool. It com-
prises several jaws which are opened to
receive the tool and then closed
on said tool to grip the same securely. The
chuck described in the
patent belongs to the type known as "sleeve
chucks," in which the parts
are operated by revolving a sleeve around the
chuck. The Circuit
Court held the patent invalid for want of
invention. 169 Fed. 134.
George A. Hoffman (Heath Sutherland, of
counsel), for appellant.
Arthur von Briesen and Hans von Briesen, for
appellee.
Before LACOMBE, WARD, and NOYES,
Circuit judges. *
A PER CURIAM. The opinion of judge
Chatfield sets forth the
facts with sufficient fullness. It is not necessary
to repeat them. A
brief statement of our conclusions is sufficient.
In 1876 Almond patented a chuck which
commended itself to the ·
trade and commanded a good market during
the life of the patent-
It was operated by revolving a sleeve in one
or the other direction,
Nothing was said in the patent as to how it
should be thus revolved.
In practice this was done either by the
unaided fingers, the sleeve being
*For other cases see same topic & § NUMBER
in Dec. & Am. Digs. 1907 to date, & Rep’x·
Indexes
Amond Drill
Chuck and
Key.  Almond
1940's on the
right.  Morse
Drill Chuck I
bought on the
Left.
Almond DRILL CHUCKS catalog page 1

ast possible expense for repairs.
'hen ordering for Electric or Pneumatic Drills, give ie (Manufacturer's Name) Model and Capacity of hock desired.
RICES AND DIMENSIONS
Complete
Capacity        Price Ea.
Inches        with Key
0-3/16        $5.00 5.00
0—v4        5.00
0-5/16        5.50
0-5/16        5.50
0-3/8        5.50
0-1/2        7.50
%4—%        9.00
r'/32-3/4        10.00
%—I        12.00
This chuck is POSITIVE DRIVE, maintains a locked connection between chuck and arbor, and functions with varying size tool
shanks.
It should be PARTICULARLY NOTED that the jaws are relieved of all driving strain and only do the centering or truing up of the
tool. Thus there are NO SCORED SHANKS — which frequently render drills unusable before they are worn out at the cut. ting end.
Approx.        Diameter,        Length,
Weight        Inches        Inches
    4 oz.        13/        PRICES AND DIMENSIONS                
    5 oz.        11/4        13/4                
                            
    8 oz.        13/8        Number        Capacity        Price
            13/4        p        
                    I/4 in.        
    9 oz.        17/16        21/16        165                $6.80
    14 oz.        13/4        21/16        17        % in.        8.80
    21 oz.        17/8        25/16        138        I/2 in.        10.80
    28 oz.        23/32        25/8        18        5/8 in.        12.80
    31 oz.        2%        2S/e        140        3/4 in.        16.20
3 lbs.        21/2         33/s        141        I        in.        21.00
5 lbs. 10 oz.        215/16        Above prices include        Morse Taper Arbors. Either        number 1.2 or 3.
page-2 LATHE CHUCKS
3 JAWS NON-REVERSIBLE
4 JAWS REVERSIBLE
No. 34-Jaws are not reversible but two sets are furnished with each chuck; One set of outside or short bite jaws, and one set of
inside or long bite laws.
Bodies are one piece construction of close grain nickel alloy. Jaws are made of special alloy - steel hardened through.
No. 30-Furnished with only one set of jaws; the Outside or short bite.
No. 32-Furnished with only one set of jaws; the inside or long bite.
Four-Jaw Geared Scroll Chucks - Made to order only. Prices on application.
Bodies Semi-Steel Castings with nickel alloy content giving close grain with strength.
Bodies designed for maximum requirements and fully guaranteed.
Jaws are reversible and will grip with equal strength on either external or internal work.
Each jaw operates independently of the others. Jaw bites and raised steps are ground at assembly and accuracy is assured.
Special soft jaws either stepped, blank or special shape to prints furnished as desired.
Jaws are of alloy steel and surface hardened.
Screws are chrome nickel steel and run in hardened steel thrust bearings.
                    PRICES AND        DIMENSIONS                
PRICES        AND DIMENSIONS                                        
                                            
                    Size                Wt. Lbs.        Cap.
                    Inches                 Each        Inches
                             Each                
                                            
Size        No. 34        Wt. Lbs.        No. 30-No. 32        W+. Lbs.                        
                            $41.00                
Inches        Each        Each        Each4                8        51/2
            -        -        48.00        20        71/4
                    -6                        
                                            
3        $44.00        3.5        $38.00        2.5        8        56.00        32        91/2
4        50.00        8.5        44.00        6.5        9        60.00        39        I11/2
5        54.00        12.75        48.00        I1.        10        71.00        43        121/4
                    14        92.00        80        143/4
6        62.00        20.        54.00        15.2        14        92.00        93        17
71/2        72.00        38.        62.00        27.5        15        101.00        110        181/2
9        86.00        50.        74.00        40.        16        108.00        123        191/2
10/2        96.00        80.        84.00        70.        18        140.00        165        22
    113.00        105.        20        161.00        198        24
12                        98.00        90.        42        186.00        235        261/2
15        161.00        160.        140.00        140.        24        209.00        273        281/2
                                            
                                            
   PRICES
Morse Taper        Price
Almond arbors are made not only to fit        No. I—No. 2        $0.90 Ea.
No.3        1.40'
Almond chucks, but all makes of drill chucks.        No.4        1.80
No.S        2.50
In spec,fying state simply number of Morse
Straight Shank
taper, or style of shank and make of drill-        41/2 ins. long, /2-41/64-3/4-1 in. Diameter chuck; together with capacity of chuck
which
for 3/6 to I in. Chucks inclusive—$I.10 Ea.
Prices of Brown & Sharpe, Jarno and Special arbor is to fit.        Arbors on request.
THE MOST SATISFACTORY FLEXIBLE TUBE MADE, THE RECOGNIZED STANDARD FOR USE ON MILLING MACHINES,
AUTOMATIC SCREW MACHINES, TURRET LATHES, ETC.
A PERFECTLY TIGHT FLEXIBLE TUBE, ADAPTED FOR ALL PURPOSES FOR CONVEYING OIL AND OTHER LIQUIDS,
EXCEPTING THOSE OF AN ALKALI OR ACID NATURE, WHERE FLEXIBILITY IS DESIRED.
SPECIFICATIONS SHOULD GIVE LENGTH, INSIDE DIAMETER AND STYLE OF FITTINGS; WHETHER MALE, FEMALE OR
NOZZLE.
ITTINGS
SPECIFICATIONS
T. R. ALMOND MFG. CO.
ASHBURNHAM, MASS.
Letter sent to the
webmaster at

http://blacksmithandmac
hineshop.com/Catalog-
Almond-Manufacturing-
Company-drill-lathe-chu
ck.html

Hi Rich,
I saw your page about
the Almond chuck:+You

This chuck looks very
similar to the Skinner
1891 patent (454074),
except the Almond uses
a chuck key. The
Skinner is keyles.

Do you have any patent
information on the
Almond chuck?

Tom Cap



No, But I
will try to
post some
here.
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2010
modified
Dec 22 2011





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