Date your Machine.
1) Use the newest Patent dates
your first clue
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::Drag home, Date, Identify, Restore and Use your Old Machine. ::
Cold headed screws and bolts (not machined) were used by ca.
1917  WWI.
Chipping with a cold chisels.
I have a Barns ca. 1880
lathe that shows this  on the
leg casting to make room
for a serial no. and to
smooth the top of the leg
castings to fit to the bed.
Various Manufacturing methods can help you date a machine by the
process that it was machined and how it was made.
The style of lathe beds. American and
English forms from the 1800s to the
1900s can be a clue to its style and
peroid of  manufacture.
Brown & Sharpe Manufacturing Co.of Providence, R.I. manufacturer of Fine Machinery, Tools of Precision; The Gordon & Maxwell Co. of Hamilton,
Ohio manufacturer of Steam Driven Pumps and Water Works Machinery; The Yale & Towne Mfg. Co. of Stamford, Conn. manufacturer of Steam Driven
Self-Propelled or Locomotive Cranes; Lodge, Davis & Co. of Cincinnati, Ohio manufacturer of Engine Lathes, Shapers & Drills; Gould & Eberhardt of
Newark, New Jersey manufacturer of Shapers, Gear Cutters and other Special Machinery; E.E. Garvin & Co. of New York, NY. manufacturer of Machinists'
Tools, Including Milling Machines, Hand Lathes, Drill Presses, ect.; The Pratt & Whitney Co. of Hartford Connecticut manufacturer of Precision Machinist
Tools and Special Machinery; The Billings & Spencer Co. of Hartford, CT. manufacturer of Lathe Dogs & other Drop Forgings; Warner & Swasey Machine
Tools of Cleveland, Ohio manufacturer of Engine, Spinning Lathes and other Special Machinery; Pond Machine Tool Co.(Successors to David W. Pond)
of Worcester, Mass. manufacturer of Engine Lathes, Radial Drills, Planers, ect.; Geo. W. Fifield of Lowell, Mass. manufacturer of Engine Lathes; Hartford
Steam Boiler Inspection & Insurance Co. of Hartford, Conn.; Geo. B. Grant of Boston, Mass. maker of Gear Wheels and Gear Cutting; W.P. Davis of
Bloomfield, NY. manufacturer of Key Seating Machines & Drills; The G. A. Gray Co. of Cincinnati, O. manufacturer of 17" & 20" Lathes; Pratt &
Letchworth Proprietors of Buffalo Steel Foundry of Buffalo, N.Y. offering Steel Castings; Stiles & Parker Press Co. of Middletown, Conn. manufacturer of
Punching Presses, Dies, Drop Hammers, Drop Forgings and other Tools for the Manufacture of all kinds of Sheet Metal Goods; J.M. Carpenter of
Pawtucket, R.I. manufacturer of Taps & Dies; WM Sellers & Co., Inc. of Philadelphia, PA. manufacturer of High Speed Power Traveling Cranes; The
Long & Allstatter Co. of Hamilton, Ohio manufacturer of Double, Single, Angle-bar, Gang, Horizontal, Twin, Boiler, Spacing, Gate, Multiple, Belt and
Steam-Driven Punches & Shears also Power Cushioned Hammers; Russell & Co. of Massillon, Ohio builders of Automatic Engines, Boilers, ect.(Complete
Power Plants Furnished); J.E. Lonergan & Co. of Philadelphia, PA. manufacturer of Patent Oilers; R.A. Beldon Co. of Danbury, Conn. manufacturer of
Power Hammers; Castle Engine Works of Indianapolis, Ind. manufacturer of The Castle Steam Engine; The Muller Machine Tool Co. of Cincinnati, O.
manufacturer of 17" Engine Lathes; H. Bickford of Lake Village, N.H. manufacturer of Boring & Turning Mills; L.S. Starrett of Athol, Mass. manufacturer of
Fine Machinist Tools; Osgood Dredge Co. of Albany, New York manufacturer of Dredges, Excavators, Ditching Machines, Derricks, ect.; The Newark
Machine Tool Works of Newark, N.J. manufacturer of Planners, Lathes, Slotters, Boring Machines, Presses, ect.; Bement, Miles & Co. of Philadelphia, PA.
builders of Metal-Working Machine Tools for Railroad Shops, Locomotive & Car Builders, Machine Shops, Rolling Mills, Steam Forges, Ship Yards,
Boiler Shops, Bridge Works, ect.; Detrick & Harvey Manufacturers of Baltimore, Md. manufacturer of Corliss Engines; Chester Steel Castings Co. of
Chester, PA.; The Phosphor Bronze Smelting Co., Limited of Philadelphia, Pa. Original Manufacturers of Phosphor Bronze & Owners of the U.S. Patent;
Tallman & McFadden of Philadelphia, Pa. manufacturer of Milling Machines, Planners, Drills, ect.; The John T. Noye Mfg. Co. of Buffalo, N.Y.
manufacturer of Rice Automatic Cut-Off Engines (Gold Medal Winner Cincinnati Exposition, 1884); Shipman Engine Co. of Boston, Mass. manufacturer
of Oil Engines for Printers, Steam Yachts, pumping water, sawing wood, ect; The Skinner Engine Co. of Erie, PA. manufacturer of Portable & Stationary
Engines & Boilers; Korting Gas Engine Co., LD. of New York, N.Y. manufacturer of Korting Gas Engines; William Tod & Co. of Youngstown, Ohio
manufacturer of Porter-Hamilton Engines; S.L. Holt & Co. of Boston, Mass offering Portable & Stationary Steam Engines & Boilers, Steam Power
Drainage Pumps, Saw Mills, Shafting, Pulleys, Hangers and Belting; Kensington Engine Works, Limited of Philadelphia< Pa. manufacturer of the Tangye
Buckeye Automatic Cut-Off Engines; Albany Steam Trap Co. of Albany, NY manufacturer of Blessing's Water Circulator & Purifier; Frick Company
Builders of Waynesboro, Pa. manufacturer of Eclipse Corliss Engines; The "Otto" gas Engine Works - Schleicher, Schumm & Co. of Philadelphia, PA. &
Chicago, Ill. manufacturer of Otto Gas Engines; The Armstrong Mfg. Co. of Bridgeport, Conn manufacturer of Water, Gas & Steam Fitters' Tools; James
Brandon Co. of New York, N.Y. manufacturer of Brandon's Piston Ring Packing; E.P. Bullard of New York, NY manufacturer of Machine Tools; The Watts,
Campbell Co. of Newark, NJ manufacturer of Improved Corliss Steam Engines; The Hewes & Phillips Iron Works of Newark, N.J. manufacturer of Improved
Corliss Engines, Tubular Boilers; The Fishkill Landing Machine Co. of New York, New York manufacturer of The Improved Fishkill Corliss Engines; Robert
Whitehill of Newburgh, NY manufacturer of the Improved Corliss Engine, Slide Valve Engines, Stationary Boilers, General Machinery and Brass & Iron
Castings; Stearns M'F'G. Company of Erie, Pa. manufacturer of Engines, Boilers, Saw Mills and General Machinery; John McLaren of Hoboken, N.J.
builder of Corliss Engines, Air Compressors and Boilers; Hill, Clarke & Co. of Boston, Mass. sellers of Iron-Working Machinery; Adams & Richards Machine
Co. of New Brunswick, N.J. manufacturer of Fuel, Crude Petroleum or Kerosene Engines; The Babcock & Wilcox Co. of New York, NY manufacturer of
Water-Tube Boilers; Bridgeport Boiler Works of Bridgeport, Conn. manufacturer of The Lowe Boiler; WM T. Bate & Son of Conshohocken, Penn. sole
manufacturer of the Bate Steam Generator; The Wainwright M'F'G. Company of Boston, Mass. manufacturer of Corrugated Tube Exhaust Feed-Water
Heaters; Fossil Meal Co. of New York manufacturer of Meal Composition Non-Conducting Covering for Steam Pipe & Boilers; Gesswein Machine Co. of
New York manufacturer of Positive Pressure or Blast Blowers; Palmer, Cunningham & Co., L'd. of Philadelphia, Penn. manufacturer of Tools for
Mechanics including Chucks, Drills, Reamers, Screw-Plates, Railroad Supplies, ect.; Evansville Spar Mining Co. of Evansville, Ind. Producers of Flour
Spar Foundry Flux; Universal Radial Drill Co. of Cincinnati, O. manufacturer of Radial Drilling Machines; Hilles & Jones of Wilmington, Del. manufacturer
of Horizontal Flange Punches; Jenkins Bros. of New York manufacturer of The Original Unvulcanized Packing; Westcott Chuck Co. of Oneida, N.Y.
manufacturer of Lathe & Drill Chucks; Pond Engineering Co. of St. Louis, MO. manufacturer of Steam Boilers; The E. Horton & Son Co. of Windsor Locks,
Conn. manufacturer of the Horton Lathe Chuck; Watson & Stillman of New York manufacturer of Hydrostatic Machinery, Presses, Pumps, Punches,
Accumulators, Jacks, Valves, Fittings, Vault Elevators, ect.; Hoggson & Pettis M'F'G. Co. of New Haven, CT. manufacturer of The Sweetland Chuck; T.R.
Almond of Brooklyn, N.Y. manufacturer of the Almond Drill Chuck; Worcester Machine Screw Co. of Worcestor, Mass. manufacturer of Set, Cap &
Machine Screws, Studs, ect.; The Cushman Chuck Co. of Hartford, Conn. manufacturer of "Cushman" Chucks; Coffin & Leighton of Syracuse, N.Y.
manufacturer of Machinists' Scales; Sterling Emery Wheel Co. of West Sterling, Mass. manufacturer of the Sterling Patent Emery Wheel; Standard Tool
Co. of Athol, Mass. manufacturer of Fine Machinists' Tools; Buffalo Forge Co. of Buffalo, N.Y. manufacturer of Buffalo Cupola & Forge Blowers; I.P.
Richards of Providence, R.I. manufacturer of Punches and Dies; The National Pipe Bending Co. of New Haven, Conn. offering Coils & Bends of Iron,
Brass and Copper; John S. leng of New York manufacturer of Weldless Cold Drawn Steel Tubes & Quick Opening Gate Valves; Pedrick & Ayer of
Philadephia, Pa. manufacturer of Cylinder Boring & Facing Machines; Morse Twist Drill and Machine Company of New Bedford, Mass. manufacturer of
Solid & Shell Reamers, Beach's Patent Self-Centering Chuck, Bit Stock Drills, Drill Grinding Machines, Mill Cutters and Special Tools; Simonds
Rolling-Machine Co. of Fitchburg, Mass. manufacturer of Steel Balls for Anti-Friction Bearings; VanDuzen & Tift of Cincinnati, Ohio makers of Complete
Steam Pumps; Rollstone Machine Co. of Fitchburg, Mass. manufacturer of Wood - Working Machinery for Chair, Furniture & Cabinet Factories, Box
Shops, Planing Mills, Pattern Makers' Use, ect.; S. Elliot of Newton, Mass. manufacturer of Drill Presses, Tap Drill Guages & Special Machinery Tools;
F.E. Reed of Worcestor, Mass. manufacturer of Engine Lathes, Hand Lathes, Foot Lathes, Upright Drills & Milling Machines; S. Ashton Hand Mfg. Co. of
Toughkenamon, Pa. manufacturer of Engine Lathes; Boynton & Plummer of Worcestor, Mass. manufacturer of Shaping Machines for Hand & Power;
Bickford Drill Co. of Cincinnati, O. manufacturer of Upright Drills; Springfield Glue & Emery Wheel Co. of Springfield, Mass. manufacturer of Emery &
Curundum Wheels, Emery Wheel machinery and Flint Papers; Pancoast & Maule of Phil., Pa. makers of Improved Steam Glue Heaters; Jos. Dixon
Crucible Co. of Jersey City, N.J. manufacturer of Dixon's Silica Graphite Boiler-Front & Smoke Stack Paint; New Haven Manf'g Co. of new Haven, Conn.
manufacturer of Iron-Working Machinery; L.W. Pond Machine Co. of Worcestor, Mas. manufacturer of Iron Working Machinery; J. Wyke & Co. of E.Boston,
Mass. manufacturer of Fine Machinists' Tools; Cary & Moen of New York City manufacturer of Steel Wire & Springs; William Barker & Co. of Cincinnati, O.
manufacturer of Iron & brass Working Machinery; Toledo Machine & Tool Co. of Toledo, Ohio manufacturer of Presses, Dies & Special Machinery; D.
Sounders' Sons of Yonkers, N.Y. manufacturer of Steam & Gas Fitters hand Tools; Acme Machinery Co. of Cleveland, O. manufacturer of "ACME" Single
& Double Automatic Boltcutters; Stow Manfg. Co. of Binghampton, N.Y. manufacturer of Flexible Shafts, Reaming Machines, Portable Drills & flexible
Boring Machines; John Steptoe & Co. of Cin., Ohio manufacturer of Engine Lathes, Iron Planers, Shapers & Drills; The Hoppes Mfg. Co. of Springfield,
O. manufacturer of Live Steam Feed-Water Heater & Lime Extractors; Energy MFG. Co. of Phil., Pa. manufacturer of Drill Guides & Steady Rests; Eagle
Anvil Works of Trenton, N.J. manufacturer of the Fisher Double Screw Leg Vise & the Eagle Anvil; Charles Murray of New York Engraver of Wood; S.W.
Goodyear of Waterbury, CT. manufacturer of Machinery for Reducing & Pointing Wire; The Laidlaw & Dunn Co. of Cin., Ohio manufacturer of Pumping
Machinery; Chas. A. Strelinger & Co. of Detroit, Mich. manufacturer of Fine Tools; Powell Planer Co. of Worcester, Mass. manufacturer of Iron Planers; P.
Blaisdell & Co. of Worcester, Mass. manufacturer of Machinists' Tools; Curtis & Curtis (Successors to Forbes & Curtis) of Bridgeport, Ct. manufacturer of the
Forbes Pat. Die Stock, Pipe Cutting & Threading Machinery; Brehmer Bros. of Phil., PA. manufacturer of Bevel Gears; The Mason Regulator Co. of
Boston manufacturer of Reducing Valves; Niagara Stamping of Buffalo, N.Y. makers of Presses, Dies and Special Machinery; Consolidated Machine &
Tool Works of Hastings, mich. & Chicago, Ill. manufacturer of Presses, Dies and Canning Machinery; Bradley & Co. of Syracuse, N.Y. manufacturer of
Cushioned Hammers, Heating Forges, ect.; The Deane Steam Pump Co. of Holyoke, Mass. manufacturer of Water Works Engines & Steam Pumping
Machinery; The Hendey Machine Co. of Torrington, Conn. manufacturer of Lathes; Miller, Metcalf & Parkin, Crescent Steel Works of Pittsburgh, PA.
suppliers of Die Steel in Bars or Blocks; Tower & Lyon (Successors to Melvin Stephens) of New York manufacturer of Stephens Vises; Sebatian, May & Co.
of Cin., O. manufacturer of Foot & Power Lathes, Drill Presses, Shapers, Band, Circular & Scroll Saws, Tools & Supplies; John W. Hudson- Madison
Manufacturing Co. of Madison, Wis.; Guild & Garrison of Brooklyn, N.Y. manufacturer of Steam, Vacuum and Filter Press Pumps & Air Compressors;
Montgomery & Co. of New York manufacturer of Tools, Supp;ies & Machinery; W.C. Young & Co. of Worcester, Mass. manufacturer of Engine, Hand &
Foot Lathes; Chas. F. baker of Minneapolis, Minn. manufacturer of Common Sense Oil Filters; Thos. H. Dallett & Co. of Phila., Pa. manufacturer of
Patent Portable, Hand, Boiler-Shell & Multiple Drills; The Tanite Company of Stroudsburg, PA. manufacturer of Tanite Emery Wheels & grinding
Machines; Cooke & Co. of New York manf'r. of The Binghampton Water Motor; U. Baird Machinery Co. of Pittsburgh, Pa. manuf'r of Machinists', Pattern
Makers' & Boiler Makers' Tools and Supplies; John Wiley & Sons of N.Y. Publishers of Industrial and Scientific Works; Beecher & Peck of New Haven, Ct.
manufacturer of Peck's Pat. Drop Press & Drop Forgings of Iron & Steel; Muller Machine Tool Co. of Cincinnati, O. manuf'r of Engine Lathes, Planers,
Shapers & Drill Presses; Betts Machine Company of Wilmington, Del. Builder of Drills & Metal Working Machine Tools; Knowles Steam Pump Works of
N.Y. & Boston manf'r of Improved Pumping Machinery; Niagar Machine & Tool Works of Buffalo New York builders of Presses, Shears & other Special
Mach.; Chas. Parker Co. of Meriden, Ct. manufacturer of Guns, Gun Parts, Vises, Tools, ect.; J.H. Williams & Co. of Brooklyn, N.Y. makers of Wrenches,
Tools and other Quality Drop Forgings; Gage Machine Works of Waterford, N.Y. Manuf'r of Fox Turret & speed Lathes and Brass Finishers' Tools; E.W.
Bliss Co. of Brooklyn, New York World's Largest Manufacter of Presses, Dies, Shears, Mills,Canning Equipment and other Special Tools; Nicholson File
Co. of Providence, R.I. manuf'r of Files & Rasps; Nathan Manufacturing Co. of New York manuf'r of "Gresham" Patent Automatic Re-Starting Injector;
Cleveland Twist Drill Co. of Cleveland, O. manuf'r of Drills & Reamers; National Pulley Covering Co. of Baltimore, Md. manuf'r of Friction Pulley Covers;
Fitchburg Machine Works of Fitchburg, Mass. manuf'r of Metal Working Machines; Henry Carey Baird & Co. of Phil., Pa. Industial Publishers, Booksellers &
Importers; Volney W. Mason & Co. of Providence, R.I. manuf'r of Friction Pulleys, Clutches & Elevators; P.H. & F.M. Roots of Connersville, Ind. manuf'r of
Force Blast Rotary Blowers for Foundries, Smith Shops, Pneumatic Tubes, Ventilation, ect.; Beaudry & Co.(formerly of Beaudry's Upright Power Hammer)
of Boston, mass. manuf'r of Presses, Shears, Punches & Hard Coal Heating Forges; C.F. Richardson of Athol, Mass. manuf'r of Nickel Plated Pocket
Levels; Henderson Bros. of Waterbury, CT. manuf'r of Exhaust Tumbling Barrels; C.W. LeCount of South Norwalk, Conn. manuf'r of Lathe Dogs & other
Drop Forgings; Park Mfg. Co. of Boston manuf'r of Injectors, Ejectors & Jet Apparatus; T. Shriver & Co.'s Iron Foundry of N.Y.; The Volker & Felthousen
M'F'G. Co. of Buffalo, N.Y. manuf'r of Steam Pumps; Pulsometer Steam Pump Co. of N.Y. manuf'r of Steam Pumps; Hall Steam Pump Co. of N.Y.
builders of Steam Pumps; Jas. Hunter & son of North Adams, Mass. manuf'r of Clutch Pulleys & Cutt-Off Couplings; Union Stone Co. of Boston manuf'r of
Emery Wheels, Grinding Mach., Polishing & Plating Goods and Tools; Edwards Meeks of Phil. - Publisher; Gage Tool Co. of Vineland, N.J. manuf'r of
Planes & Hand Tools; Henry R. Worthington of N.Y. manuf'r of Independent Condensers; Niles Tool Works of Hamilton, Ohio manuf'r of Machine Tools;
Buckeye Engine Co. of Salem, Ohio manuf'r of engines; The Garvin Machine Co. of N.Y. manuf'r of Machines & Machine Tools; Manning, Maxwell &
Moore of N.Y. manuf'r of Railway and Machinists' Tools & Supplies; Lexington Gear Works of Lex., Mass. makers of Gears; M.C. Bullock of Chicago, Ill.
manuf'r of Bullock-Corliss Engines, Diamond Drills for Prospecting, Band Friction Hoists & Mining Mach.; The Lane & Bodley Co. of Cin., Ohio manuf'r of
Corliss Engines; G.S. Woolman of New York manuf'r of Drawing Instuments; The D. Frisbie Co. of N.Y. manuf'r of Frisbie Friction Pulleys & Clutches; The
Ball & Wood Co. of Elizabeth, N.J. manuf'r of Ball Automatic Cut-Off Engines; Lackawanna Lubricating Co. of Scranton, PA. manuf'r of Grease Cups;
The De Lamater Iron Works of N.Y. manuf'r of General Machinery; Henry Warden Manufacturer of Phil., PA. manuf'r of Atkinson Cycle Gas Engines; The
Hilles & Jones Co. of Wilmington, Del. manuf'r of Machine Tools; Bement, Miles & Co. of Phil., Pa. manuf'r of Metal-Working Mach. Tools; William
Sellers & Co. of Phil., Pa. manuf'r of Machine Tolls for Working Iron & Steel; The New Process Raw Hide Co. of Syracuse, N.Y manuf'r of Raw Hide Gears;
Southwark Foundry & Machine Co. of Phil., Penn. manuf'r of Boileers, Steam Hammers, Blowing & Reversing Engines, Centrifugal Pumps, Steam Pumps
& Heavy Castings; The Norton & Jones Machine Tool Works of Plainville, Conn. manuf'r of Machine Tools & Special machinery; The Champion Blower
& Forge Co. of Lancaster, Pa.; J.D. wright & Sons of Brooklyn, N.Y.; The Cincinnati Milling Machine Co. of Cincinnati, O.; N.P. Bowsher of South Bend,
Ind.; J.E. snyder of Worcester, Mass.; Edison General Electric Company; American Gas Furnace Co. of N.Y.; Landis Bros. of Waynesboro, Pa.; Trump
Bros. Machine Co. of Wilmington, Delaware; R.D. Nuttall & Co. of Allegheny, PA.; Giant Key-Seater Co. of East Saginaw, Mich.; Light Drill Presses of
Hartford, Conn.; J.E. Lonergan & Co. of Phila., Pa.; Harrison Safety Boiler Works of Phil., Pa.; T.M. Foote Regulator Co. of Boston; Adriance Machine
Works of Brooklyn, N.Y. manuf'r of Gang Slitters, Automatic Screw Machines and Double Seamers; Samuel C. Rogers & Co. of Buffalo; Alfred Box & Co.
of Phila., Pa.; Van Duzen Gas & Gasoline Engine Co. of Cincinnati, O.; Capitol Mfg. Co. of Chicago; M.T. Davidson of Brooklyn, N.Y.; The States
Machine Co. of Newark, N.J.; L. & R. Wister & Co. of Phila., PA.; John Royle & Sons of Paterson, N.J.; Penberthy Injector Co. of Detroit, Mich.; A.J.
Wilkinson & Co. of Boston; William Jessop & Sons, L'd. of Sheffield, England; Crescent Steel Co. of pittsburgh, Pa.; .

click home above for  links to all pictures and descriptions of machine tools
The door on this
machine contains  
many clues to its age.


Big fat 1870-1880's
lettering.

Paint that is of a  
early old type, hand
brushed.

Chisled not machined
of filed surfaces.
Garvin 1880s horizontal solid
overarm milling machine.
Brainyard 1880s horizontal with
solid overarm milling machine co.
Garvin 1880s horizontal solid
overarm milling machine.
Garvin 1880s horizontal solid
overarm milling machine.
Date your Machine
using how and in
what way it is
decorated.
Is it ornate
Is it gothic
Red paint                 
           pinstripes
Square corners on
machine castings
on older casting
method mostly pre
1870s
2) The style, no not clothing
  but ornate to plain              
   architecture.
Decoration ment quality and up to date design. Ornate
decoration migrated into machines because building
draftmen were the first Machine draftmen,
Quality was and still is shown by up to date or then
high teck design and decoration.
Leather
sewing
machines
Blacksmith forged
parts are used on
the machine 1700
to about 1880
.Use a Wookie
like Bruce D
to move your
Big Heavy
Machine. Below
use an engine
hoist or shop
crane.
3.) How it was Manufactured.
By what method?
How the Gears were made can       
   help date a machine tools.
Gears can date machine tools. This gear was manufactured or made using early
manufacturing methods.  teeth show being planed  not  cut or milled   or hobbed  
also the key way is chipped and filed not cut  with a broch.   The gear was known to
be made during the 1890s.

To the right..
Vertical Boring Mill
(Vertical slotter in
todays terms)
photographer Bob
Eddy

A vertical boring mill
or vertical lathe is
much like an
ordinary lathe turned
90 degrees, with the
headstock down.
This “up and down”
position provides a
great advantage in
working on large,
heavy work pieces.
With a heavy work
piece sitting on the
faceplate, setup of
the machine is
much easier. Also,
with the weight
supported this way,
the spindle is less
likely to be thrown
out of alignment.
1850s-60s
very ornate.
The door on this
machine contains  
many clues to its age.


Big fat 1870-1880's
lettering.

Paint that is of a  
early old type, hand
brushed.

Chisled not machined
of filed surfaces.
The door on this machine
contains  some clues to
its age.

Big fat 1870-1880's
lettering.
Reed-Prentice-Lathe-chan
ge-gears-thread-feed-
cutting-gears-
How-to-set-up a old
antique vintage lathe for
threading with loose
gears.
Filing for a year in the
German apprentice
program from age 12 to 14.
Belt-Drive-antique-old-vinta
ge-lathe-mill-milling-drill-pr
ess-filing-boy-apprentice-Ger
man-Machine-Shop-1920-s-f
rom-a-postcard-going-home-t
o-Romania.jpg   .
3.) What style and design of
the fasteners used to
assemble the MACHINE
Hex head set screws Used by 1906!
Above side  view of legs of  my
second-H-L-Shepard-Lathe-CO-Treadle-
Metal-Lathe-Lathe-restoration-project-I
-now-have-my-second-1870s-Shepard-L
athe-note-orig-paintred--pinstripingon a
hoist ready to be  loaded into my  ford
mini van winstar of 126000 mi.
Above side  view of legs of  my
second-H-L-Shepard-Lathe-CO-Treadle-
Metal-Lathe-Lathe-restoration-project-I-
now-have-my-second-1870s-Shepard-La
the-note-orig-paintred--pinstripingon a
hoist ready to be  loaded into my  ford
mini van winstar of 126000 mi.
Illustrations above  Shepard lathe catalog page, from James
Beggs & co. catalog 9 dey st. New York circ. 1880s-1890s
Lathe-F.E.Reed
Wooster-Mass.
Details--
Headlstock-changeg
ears.
2.5) Other design Features
Standard safety
and accepted design features.
Roll your heavy
machines into your
building on logs like
Henry Ford did in
the 1890's.
Date the age of the
machine using the
Fasteners used to
hold it together.
Hex socket screws
How can
people
move those
Monsters
without
Equipment?

Above...Ho
w to get
your
machine

home
1863-patent-date-
hand-powered-drill-
press  
1860s
note the
round rim
curved
spoke
flywheel.
Hand forged (timeless), Machined heads
(1820's-1900's)
Cold headed-(After 1900 depending on size)
By what method (one hit or several)?

The Threads, Formed by a Blacksmiths
screw plate or hand filed, (timeless)?
Cut threads-((1820's-1900's).
Rolled threads.-(After 1910 depending on
size)
3.) What style and design of
the fasteners used to
assemble the MACHINE